Reference vehicles

The flexibility of the PANDA methodology will be demonstrated on three reference vehicles and to achieve the innovations (they will be described in the final paper).

  • a Battery Electric Vehicle (BEV), the Renault Zoe from Groupe Renault
  • a Fuel Cell Vehicle (FCV), from the FP7 European Project MobiPOST
  • a Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (P-HEV), demo car from Valeo